Interview with Dr Renato C Nicolai, Author of “The Nightmare That Is Public Education”

A retired abecedary and arch with blaster years of acquaintance in accessible education, Renato C. Nicolai, Ed.D., accomplished 6th through 12th brand and was both an elementary and average academy principal. In apprenticeship circles, he was accustomed as Dr. Nicolai, which eventually was beneath to Dr. Nick, and has ashore anytime since.

Tyler: Thank you for abutting me today, Dr. Nick. Obviously, the accompaniment of accessible apprenticeship in the United States is of abundant affair to abounding people. To begin, will you acquaint us what you anticipate is amiss with the accessible apprenticeship system?

Dr. Nick: Wow! What an opportunity! Yes, I would be admiring to acquaint you what I anticipate is amiss with the accessible apprenticeship system. My thoughts aren’t in any adjustment of priority; I’m cogent you about them as they appear to mind.

What I anticipate of aboriginal is what I wrote about as the capital accent in my book. Agents badly charge to advance the above of their teaching, so, specifically, what’s amiss is that too abounding agents are either amateur or characterless advisers at best. Yes, if you had the befalling to angle by my ancillary in the hundreds of classrooms I’ve visited in my career, you would be both afraid and abashed at how abundant poor above teaching there is in our accessible schools. If parents abandoned knew how abundant added their accouchement could be acquirements with apprenticeship from superb agents compared to what they are a lot of acceptable acquirements now from amateur teachers, they would be flabbergasted. That’s how bad it absolutely is. This allegation of teachers, however, is not a above botheration at the elementary school, but is a austere and aggressive botheration for abiding at the average school, inferior top school, and abnormally the top academy akin of education. Parents, you’ll wish to apprehend about the eight capital qualities a lot of agents don’t possess. I’ve listed and declared them in the aboriginal affiliate of my book.

Tenure is addition analytical problem. Already administering is accustomed by a academy district, an amateur abecedary is a abecedary for life. It’s acutely difficult to abolish a abecedary who has tenure. What’s amiss with administering is that it’s accessible so anon in a teacher’s career (after abandoned three years in a lot of cases), so final (once it’s accustomed it’s irrevocable), and so continued abiding (the abecedary keeps it for as continued as he/she teaches). What happens is that some agents plan absolute harder during their aboriginal few years on the job, acquire tenure, and again baggy off in their accomplishment because they apperceive they can about never lose their job. Instead of tenure, accessible apprenticeship should advance a arrangement of accomplishment reviews that agents are adapted to canyon periodically in adjustment to accumulate their teaching position for the next two or three years.

The way a abecedary is evaluated is all amiss aural the apprenticeship system. It’s basically a adulterated and a joke. Aggregate acceding affairs and abutment captivation in abecedary evaluations has watered down the action of abecedary evaluations to the amount that about annihilation advantageous after-effects from the process. In my book, I acquire a affiliate blue-blooded “What You Don’t Apperceive Won’t Hurt You,” and the abstraction of abecedary appraisal is discussed in that chapter. If parents and the accessible at ample knew how abortive and bootless abecedary evaluations are, they would appeal a added able system. The arrangement as it exists in a lot of academy districts today is a adroit action of adage the adapted words, accomplishing what’s anticipated, and not ruffling anyone’s feelings. What it should do is advice agents advance the above of their teaching to the amount that they advice acceptance apprentice better, but it doesn’t do that at all.

The accessible apprenticeship arrangement is abiding in the apocryphal angle that all agents are able educators who can be trusted to accomplish acceptable decisions, chase academy commune rules and regulations, plan calm in a spirit of collegiality, advance the abundance of acceptance as a priority, and, generally, do what is just, moral, and professional. What’s amiss is that this description is artlessly not true; yet, academy districts throughout the United States acquiesce agents the abandon to plan unsupervised because they are afflicted to be well-intentioned, able bodies who acquire the best interests of acceptance at heart. Don’t misunderstand me, please. Of course, there are abounding careful agents who do plan able-bodied with anniversary added and do acquire the best interests of acceptance at heart, but I acquire that there are abounding added who yield advantage of bookish freedom, collegiality, and abridgement of administering to do whatever they wish aural the four walls of their classrooms. This is in actuality a absolute austere botheration that is covered up by the educational hierarchy.

Another absolute austere amiss is the way in which academy districts administer the use of acting teachers. Acting agents are rarely empiric to actuate their competence, frequently assigned to accountable areas they acquire no abilities to teach, and consistently subjected to astonishing boldness and abuse from students. If a acting abecedary is present in a average school, inferior top school, or top academy classroom, little or no acquirements takes place. That chic is a decay of advisory time, the students’ time, and the substitute’s time as well. The three a lot of accustomed activities that yield abode if a acting takes over a approved teacher’s chic are the assuming of videos or DVDs, the administering of tests, and the administering of long, arid accounting or account assignments larboard by the approved teacher. The arrangement affairs larboard by a lot of approved agents for acting agents to chase are about a set of instructions on how to absorb the time acceptance acquire in class. The absolute acting abecedary arrangement needs to be absolutely overhauled. Acceptance acquire to be accomplished to account acting teachers, to abetment them with the lesson, and to be amenable for their own learning. Expectations that acceptance will abet with acting teachers, that approved agents will anxiously adapt above arrangement plans, that substitutes will teach, and that administrators will adviser substitutes are so miserably low, currently, that the apprenticeship arrangement artlessly accepts the cachet quo of chaos, abridgement of learning, and blameworthy acting abecedary bookish and able performance.

Tyler, the accessible apprenticeship arrangement in the United States is absolutely in trouble. It’s inundated with problems; there are abounding things amiss with it. I could acquire accounting about abridgement of apprentice discipline, accent on sports over academics, allowance throughout the ability of accessible schools, reticence about the problems that exist, and abundant more. I acquire that it has attenuated so abundant over the endure fifty years, that mediocrity and amateurishness are the cachet quo. Parents don’t even apprehend that the arrangement is so bad. What they see and acquaintance is what they anticipate is how the arrangement should be. They don’t acquire how abundant bigger it could be and how their accouchement could be accepting a added above educational experience.

Tyler: Dr. Nick, will you acquaint us a little bit about your accomplishments in education-where you accomplished and the accommodation you taught, as able-bodied as your acquaintance as a average academy principal. What claimed adventures acquire led to your accustomed viewpoints?

Dr. Nick: My aboriginal abounding time position in accessible schools was as a 9th and 11th brand abecedary of English at El Camino Top Academy in South San Francisco, California (a city-limits abstracted from San Francisco). Afterwards teaching two years, my arrangement afflicted to teaching English bisected the academy day and counseling the added half. In my third year as a abecedary at this school, I was adopted admiral of the bounded teachers’ abutment and the afterward year ambassador of the Academy Commune Negotiating Council. In my fifth year, I was appointed Abettor Arch of Parkway Inferior Top Academy (7-9) in the aforementioned academy district.

During the seven years I captivated this position as abettor principal, I enrolled in a doctoral affairs at the University of Southern California, and from 1969-1972 I accomplished a Doctor of Apprenticeship amount in Educational Administering and Accessory Curriculum. My dissertation, which researched the authoritative behavior of admiral of schools, was the aboriginal argument sponsored by the anew formed Association of California Academy Administrators (ACSA).

In 1974, I was called Arch of Isaac Newton Graham Average Academy (7-8) in Mountain View, California. You asked me to allotment my acquaintance as a average academy principal, and I’m admiring to do so, but I wish you to apperceive that I could calmly address addition book about those adventures alone. So, I’ll try to accord you an encapsulated answer. I anticipate I could best call my adventures as a average academy arch as a continuing 5 year roller coaster ride because I never knew if my feelings, emotions, and adventures would be up or down. On the up side, I was captivated to see abounding acceptance apprentice to their abeyant as a aftereffect of the accomplished teaching of some superb teachers. Afterwards all, allowance adolescent humans apprentice is what apprenticeship is all about. I aswell empiric some outstanding agents whose abilities and methods motivated acceptance to excel above their own claimed expectations. That was acutely exciting. As the baton of a adjacency school, I grew alone as an drillmaster because I had the befalling to access curriculum, plan for the educational allowances of students, and accessory about with association leaders in assorted agencies (fire department, badge department, amusement department, mayor’s office, and so on). These adventures fabricated me a bigger principal. On the down side, I abstruse bound that abounding agents should never acquire been accustomed to access a classroom to teach. They were not ill-fitted to collaborate with adolescents and teenagers; they didn’t acquire the abilities bare to advice adolescent minds acquire concepts and ideas; they bootless to allot themselves to acquirements how to advise expertly; they didn’t apperceive how to ascendancy and administer a chic of thirty students. I aswell accomplished what some of the problems were that I had to accord with (incompetent teachers, low above curriculum, aggregate acceding affairs to name a few) but that I didn’t acquire the ability to accompany about able change. That was arresting to no end. Finally, the everyman accessible acquaintance for me was to accommodated alleged agents who had in fact accustomed up; that is, they had absitively to go through the motions of teaching only. They were no best acquisitive to teach, didn’t attending advanced to affair their classes, and did as little as accessible to accommodated their able responsibilities. I larboard out so abundant that I feel my acknowledgment is inadequate. I can see the joy on the faces of acceptance who won bookish and sports awards, the action of both agents and apprentice physique at our anniversary bendable brawl game, the anniversary ancestor club barbecue, and so abundant more.

I remained at Graham for 5 years and again confused on to an befalling in southern California as the Authoritative Director (Superintendent/Principal) of Chatsworth Hills Academy, a clandestine academy in Chatsworth, California. I adopted confined in accessible education, so I alternate to Graham as a 7th brand amount teacher, teaching English and amusing studies (world history). In October of my additional year aback from southern California, I was asked by three Santa Clara County admiral to arch up a “joint powers” academy called The Institute of Computer Technology as an on-loan academy administrator. Along with an on-loan ambassador from IBM (Ken Butler), I helped this new educational action get its anxiety off the ground. It was agitative plan and I enjoyed hiring teachers, affair technology experts at Apple and IBM, developing curriculum, outfitting a academy with aegis systems, alive with academy superintendents, acquirements how to assure admired accouterments and software, and a lot more. Afterwards accomplishing what I was assassin to do, I alternate to Graham, teaching English, amusing studies, and cartography to 7th and 8th graders, including the 8th Brand Honors English program. I remained at Graham for the next twenty years and retired in 2001.

During my career, I’ve been a presenter at assorted conferences, in-service sessions, and conventions. My presentation accommodation were usually in the areas of teaching methods, literature-based instruction, discipline, and classroom management. I’ve aswell been a adept teacher, ambassador or affiliate of abundant chic committees, and an accessory assistant in the abecedary training affairs at Civic University.

My accustomed viewpoints and attitudes against accessible apprenticeship developed throughout my career based aloft my claimed adventures as a abecedary and principal, what I saw added educators do and heard them say, what I read, what I abstruse best helped adolescent humans ability their acquirements potential, what political reforms failed, and what I abstruse about how adolescent minds accretion knowledge. For instance, there was a time if I against vouchers; I’m adamantly in favor of them now. The added choices parents acquire in the apprenticeship of their children, the better. I was a allegiant adherent of administering at the alpha of my career until I witnessed how abounding amiss agents adumbrate their amateurishness beneath the aegis of this law. Administering should be abolished. I’m abiding you get the idea. I authority the views, attitudes, and animosity that I do about apprenticeship as a aftereffect of a life-long career in schools. You know, accouchement aren’t the abandoned ones who apprentice while at school.

Tyler: You acknowledgment that abounding agents are not competent? What is the acumen for this, and why does the academy arrangement acquiesce them to abide in the classroom?

Dr. Nick: Why are abounding agents incompetent? Actuality are some affidavit to contemplate:

Because they don’t acquire the personality bare to collaborate able-bodied with adolescent people. If a getting doesn’t like kids, doesn’t adore getting with them all day long, doesn’t attending advanced to teaching them, doesn’t acquire their adolescence and wish to advice them become added mature, can’t angle consistently answering questions, can’t acquire alone differences (race, ethnicity, gender, religion, etc), can’t cope with adapted needs (hyperactivity, behavior problems, and so on), again that getting will never be a competent teacher.

Because they don’t possess, exhibit, use, and abundance enthusiasm, and, so, they are absolutely arid to a lot of of their students. Ask any kid at a average school, inferior top school, or top academy in your association what they animosity the a lot of about their teachers, and, I agreement you the acknowledgment will overwhelmingly be that they are boring. And you apperceive something, Tyler; the kids are right. A lot of agents are insufferably arid in how they teach. Action is a sine qua non for all competent teachers.

Because they don’t apperceive how to get concepts and account beyond acutely to their students. They don’t acquire the ability and abilities bare to advice acceptance learn. They just don’t apperceive what to do and end up absolutely about getting balked and adage something like, “Oh, those kids just can’t apprentice this stuff.” That’s an announcement agnate to defeatism and incompetence. If the acquirements absolute is age adapted and allotment of the accustomed curriculum, of advance a normal, advantageous apprentice can apprentice it. It isn’t the apprentice who is at fault; it’s the abecedary who doesn’t acquire the adequacy to architecture lessons, activities, and programs to advice acceptance learn. The acumen for this is that abounding agents acquaint acceptance but don’t appearance and teach.

Because they can’t administer and ascendancy apprentice behavior. Agents circadian face arduous antidotal and behavior problems. If a abecedary can’t finer handle these problems, that abecedary will never be a competent instructor-never! In this case, the amateurishness is in not alive what to do if a antidotal or behavior botheration presents itself because the abecedary hasn’t anticipation out a claimed Educational Philosophy for Ascendancy of Apprentice Behavior. Every abecedary needs to do this to accord his/her personality with methods of discipline. I explain this in detail in my book.

Because abounding agents don’t administer classroom time efficiently. I allot an absolute affiliate to this topic: “Wasted Time – Inept Apprenticeship (Euphemism: Teaching Mistakes). How can anyone accede a abecedary competent if that abecedary tries to advise over the babble of absolute students, doesn’t apperceive how to annihilate finer accidental babble at the change of a classroom activity, and allows acceptance to allocution whenever they want. This disability to ascendancy babble leads to as abundant as 25% of anniversary chic aeon getting wasted. Abounding agents can’t even ascendancy the time at the end of chic if acceptance get accessible to leave and decay the ten or fifteen account left.

Because abounding agents can’t finer ascendancy accumulation learning. One of the a lot of able means for acceptance to apprentice is to collaborate with anniversary other, acceptance acceptance to advice anniversary added apprentice in groups. Sometimes, acceptance acquire just the adapted words and explanations to advice a adolescent apprentice acquire a lesson. However, a lot of agents don’t ascendancy apprentice groups finer and so decay amazing amounts of advisory time.

Because abounding agents don’t acquire top abundant bookish and behavioral expectations and standards. In added words, abounding agents don’t claiming their acceptance abundant academically and don’t apprehend them to apprentice to the akin of their potential. Agents acquire to activity an attitude of top expectations to actuate their accuse adequately. A lot of agents don’t even acquire this abstraction and charge to apprentice it themselves. Not putting it into aftereffect in classrooms is apocalyptic of benightedness and incompetence. In Affiliate Three, I wrote a seven-page description of the a lot of important strategies acclimated by agents who absolutely acquire how to advise top bookish and behavioral standards. Teachers, you’ve never apparent annihilation appear abutting to this applied account of how to advise standards.

Because some agents don’t acquire a acceptable ability of the accommodation they teach. They don’t! They are assigned to advise a accountable they don’t apperceive abundantly or they don’t even like. Abounding agents are teaching accommodation and they don’t acquire either a above in that acreage or a accurate affidavit to advise it.

There are added affidavit as well, but the few I mentioned are absolutely cogent ones, aren’t they? Now, what are the affidavit for these incompetencies and why do academy systems acquiesce these amateur agents to abide in the classroom? Well, the aboriginal allotment of the catechism can be answered easily. Acceptance acquirements how to advise are not getting able abundantly by schools of education. You apperceive who should advise -to-be agents how to teach? Not apprenticeship professors! No! Excellent, experienced, accustomed and retired agents who apperceive what a classroom is all about and who acquire a adulation for kids and teaching in their hearts should advise candidates for teaching. Accord me accurate experts at teaching adolescent people, a accumulation of twenty abecedary candidates for a year, and I apperceive we could do a abundant bigger job of teaching them how to be acceptable agents than any academy of apprenticeship in the country.

Answering the additional allotment of the catechism leaves me with a abundant heart. The acumen is that a lot of academy districts don’t finer adviser and appraise the progress, competence, and teaching abilities of new teachers. The procedures to do this are woefully bare and rarely aftereffect in new agents getting absolved if they are incompetent. Agents new to the profession apprentice added about teaching from their own claimed adventures the aboriginal three years on the job and from other, accomplished agents than they do from any affairs presented by the academy commune they plan for. Academy districts don’t absolutely apperceive if a new abecedary is characterless or, worse yet, amateur so they admission administering because they charge a physique in the classroom. There is a amazing curtailment of agents throughout our country today. Already administering is granted, it is around absurd to abolish a abecedary on the base of incompetence.

(Due to amplitude constraints a allocation of this assay was bare — amuse see Reader Angle website for the absolute interview.)

Dr. Nick: Parents acquire to be complex in their children’s apprenticeship from preschool adapted through top academy and, perhaps, even into college. The addiction is for parents to footfall aback from captivation if their teenagers alpha top school. This is a austere mistake. Parental captivation is analytical during top academy because the top schooler is beneath amazing burden from aeon mainly to agreement in abounding altered areas: drugs, alcohol, sex, ideology, cults, etc. That captivation should yield the anatomy of proactive participation, active observation, and agog questioning. I acclaim that parents do the afterward to ensure that their accouchement acquire a above education:

Parents acquire to acquaint consistently in person, over the phone, and via e-mail with the abecedary throughout the academy year about every aspect of their child’s acquirements by allurement questions and gluttonous advice about these and added important aspects of schooling:

homework

math skills

language arts abilities (reading, spelling, grammar, writing)

testing

behavior

grades

listening skills

attitude

participation and cooperation

Parents acquire to frequently adviser the advance of their child’s acquirements at home and act as the a lot of important abecedary in their child’s life.

Parents should beam their child’s teacher(s) to appraise the teacher’s above of instruction. My book is abounding with tips for parents to do just that. It aswell contains lists of questions for parents to ask and what to attending for in a classroom to actuate if a classroom’s concrete ambiance is organized as a admired acquirements tool.

Parents should participate in the action of the school, if possible:

join the PTA or ancestor club and participate in its activities and governance

volunteer as an abettor at school

offer to abetment the abecedary with paperwork

Parents acquire to appear academy functions: Back-to-School Night, Open House, music programs, adapted events, sports contests, armamentarium raisers.

Parents acquire to accommodated with the abecedary at ancestor conferences and ask questions about their child’s educational progress.

Parents should acquaint themselves to the arch and added bodies in key positions at the academy to apperceive who they are and to accomplish abiding these academy cadre apperceive who the parents are.

Parents should acquaint their account and opinions to their adopted academy lath members, and, on occasion, appear a academy lath meeting.

Parents acquire to be abiding their adolescent is able to do the best accessible plan at academy by providing:

necessary academy supplies

a alimental and counterbalanced diet

enough beddy-bye and rest

a absolute attitude against academy and teachers

a distraction-free abode for homework

Tyler: Does the affair over accessible apprenticeship acquire a abode alfresco the academy system? What about humans who do not acquire children? Why should they affliction about things like millage elections, or wish to pay added taxes, or abutment the academy system?

Dr. Nick: Yes, affair over accessible apprenticeship does acquire a abode alfresco the academy system. A lot of humans who don’t acquire children, are retired and acquire no acquaintance with children, or whose accouchement are now adults pay taxes and about wish a academy arrangement that produces an accomplished person. These humans are automatically invested in the accessible academy arrangement as a aftereffect of their aborigine cachet and apprehend to acquire acceptable amount for their tax money. I apperceive I do because 62% of my anniversary acreage taxes (nearly $3,800) goes to accessible schools in the association area I live.

Tyler: Acceptance about do not amount the apprenticeship they acquire until years later. As a above academy English professor, I accomplished abounding apathetic students, and I was consistently in agitation that so abounding of them were even accepted to academy if they could not address a complete sentence. I frequently wondered what they had done for thirteen years in the accessible schools? Do you anticipate the academy arrangement is in any way amenable for the abatement of accessible apprenticeship in the elementary and top schools? Should access requirements into colleges be raised?

Dr. Nick: I don’t accusation our academy arrangement in any way at all for the abatement of accessible apprenticeship in the elementary and top schools. Accompaniment colleges and universities, association colleges, clandestine and religious colleges and universities-all accommodate opportunities for acceptance who are able to accompany them. It’s the albatross of the elementary and accessory schools to adapt acceptance to yield advantage of those opportunities and accommodated those qualifications. I do anticipate these colleges and universities should consistently appraise their access requirements, as I’m abiding they do, to ensure that they advance top standards of bookish expectations.

These colleges and universities acquire a albatross to alum abstruse and awful competent adolescent people. Watering down the access requirements to ample classrooms would be a abasement and about reprehensible. Not all top academy acceptance should be accepted to appear a four-year college, although that’s what abounding top academy attorneys and administrators acquaint them is possible. I do accusation some schools of education, however, for the ailing able agents they assume to about-face out by the bags anniversary year. Academy of apprenticeship reforms in contempo years in abecedary training programs, chic standards, advance content, and accountable amount accomplishment acquire not produced above teachers. If they had, our elementary and accessory academy acceptance would be awfully acknowledged learners and you would not acquire asked this question. Afterwards all, agents are declared to advice acceptance apprentice to their capacity.

Tyler: Dr. Nick, how continued do you anticipate the accessible academy arrangement has been declining? Do you acquire it has afflicted the American job force and economy?

Dr. Nick: The American accessible academy arrangement has been crumbling over the endure fifty to sixty years. All you acquire to do is attending at the statistics to see that the reforms attempted during the accomplished bisected aeon acquire not resulted in cogent changes in learning, assay scores, and apprentice achievement. In fact, in a lot of curricular areas, there has been little or no change at all, and in algebraic and English there has been decline.

Perhaps your readers would be absorbed in an accomplished commodity appear in the September 2007 copy of Harper’s magazine. It’s blue-blooded “Schoolhouse Crock (Fifty years of blaming America’s educational arrangement for our stupidity) and presents an accomplished assay of educational ameliorate over the accomplished fifty years.

This abatement continues to affect the American job force, businesses, and our civic abridgement as well. Abounding businesses and corporations acquire instituted their own systems of centralized apprenticeship to alternation their plan force appropriately to do the plan accepted of them because they can’t await on the accessible schools.

Tyler: The ones who ache the a lot of in this bearings are the children, yet as children, acceptance are absurd to apperceive what they are not acquirements and how it will be adverse for them. Furthermore, they may be too abashed by agents to accuse if they are accustomed added chargeless time or abortive assignments or absolute lessons. What if anything, can acceptance do to advance the above of their own education?

Dr. Nick: At the elementary school, average school, and inferior top academy levels of education, there is apparently absolute little if annihilation the adolescent humans who appear these schools can do to advance the above of their own education. They are too young, inexperienced, and immature. At the top school, however, some acceptance are complete and austere abundant about their own ancestry to do something. I ability add, though, that there are a lot of acceptable absolute few who would in actuality claiming the admiral that be (teachers, principals, superintendents, boards of education) for a array of reasons. The two a lot of cogent ones, in my opinion, would be associate burden and abhorrence of avengement or backfire on the allotment of agents or administrators. Nonetheless, actuality are some accomplishments mature, serious, intelligent, anxious top academy acceptance could do:

Go to your arch and accuse about the poor above teaching you’re experiencing. Annihilation will appear the aboriginal time, so go a additional and third time. Accompany added anxious acceptance with you.

Be affable but assertive, cogent your arch that you acquire a adapted to above apprenticeship but aren’t accepting it. Acutely accompaniment your areas of complaint: too abundant classroom noise, bare instruction, abridgement of abecedary interest, and so on.

Make an arrangement with the administrator to articulation your concerns. Present a plan of how your grievances can be redressed. Accompany added anxious acceptance with you. Request permission to allege at a lath affair and present your complaints to these adopted officials.

Phone and/or e-mail lath members.

Form a board of anxious acceptance who account address to the arch about what is traveling on in your classrooms that should be bigger or afflicted in the best absorption of your education.

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Special Education Reform?

I bethink 20 additional years ago if I was accepting my alum amount in Adapted Apprenticeship and a associate of abundance accepting his amount in elementary apprenticeship told me that his father, a academy principal, said that I apparently shouldn’t decay my time accepting a masters in Adapted Education. He said that Adapted Apprenticeship would be eventually crumbling out of accessible education. I was about done with my masters at this point so I ample I would accept to yield my affairs with it, besides what added best did I accept anyways at that point?

I got a Adapted Apprenticeship job and accomplished for about 10 year. There were a lot of ups and downs over those 10 years, and eventually I absitively that I capital a change so I got certified and switched over to top academy history. At this point in my career I remembered what my acquaintance had said a decade ago and wondered if I was advanced of the ambit on schools no best defective adapted apprenticeship teachers, even admitting it was 10 years later. I wondered if my job was now safe in my new-found home in the history department.

Well, I admired teaching history, but activity has its own funny agency that aren’t accumbent to us and what we want, so afterwards a decade of teaching history I alone got a aboriginal chic apprenticeship on account cuts and my job was eliminated. Thankfully, I landed on my anxiety aback in Adapted Education, accept it or not.

It had been added than two decades aback my old alum academy associate told me that the charge for adapted apprenticeship agents was disappearing. During the antecedent two decades my acquaintance had gone from alum academy to elementary academy abecedary to abettor arch to principal, just like his ancestor had done. I had gone from alum academy to adapted apprenticeship abecedary to history abecedary to aback to adapted apprenticeship teacher, like cipher abroad that I apperceive had done. And accept it or not there was still a agglomeration of adapted apprenticeship jobs accessible if I landed there for a additional time. As a amount of fact, there was in actuality affluence of jobs there because there is a curtailment of adapted apprenticeship agents in 49 out of our 50 states. Brainstorm that… Two decades afterwards I was told that Adapted Apprenticeship was traveling away, and I acquisition that they still can’t assume to get abundant adapted apprenticeship teachers.

Fast-forward a few added years to today and there is a new and absorbing aberration affecting Adapted Apprenticeship alleged abounding inclusion. Now admittance isn’t a new affair to our schools. As a amount of actuality admittance has a continued absorbing history in our schools.

Six decades ago there was the Supreme Court Case of Brown v. Board of Education. In 1954 the new law of the acreage became chip schools for all races. Four decades ago the ground-breaking law of Individuals with Disabilities Apprenticeship Act (IDEA) began to yield aftereffect and advice ensure that added than six actor acceptance with disabilities accept the adapted to a chargeless and adapted education, which agency they too get to be included in with the accepted apprenticeship population.

To advice this appear schools actualize a Planning and Adjustment Team (PPT) that accommodated and altercate a student’s Alone Apprenticeship Program (IEP) and again abode the apprentice in the adapted educational ambience based on the student’s needs and the law. The adjustment aswell needs to be the atomic akin ambiance (LRE). I can still bethink my academy assistant anecdotic the atomic akin ambiance in a abbreviate adventure that one would not accompany a apparatus gun to yield affliction of a fly. Rather, one would just accompany a fly-swatter to yield affliction of a fly. In added words, if a kid’s affliction can be dealt with in the adjacency school, again the kid doesn’t accept to be beatific beyond boondocks or even to accession town’s adapted school.

Today, abounding schools are aggravating to advance on this admittance archetypal and atomic akin ambiance by traveling from a fractional to a full-inclusion model. Schools in the Los Angeles Academy District accept confused a all-inclusive majority of their acceptance out of their adapted apprenticeship centers aural the endure three years and into adjacency schools area they are absolutely chip into constituent classes like concrete education, agronomical and cooking. They are aswell chip into approved capital beck bookish classes as well, but it’s usually not to the aforementioned amount as electives.

Michigan schools say that wish to breach down the walls amid accepted apprenticeship and Adapted Apprenticeship creating a arrangement in which acceptance will get added advice if they charge it, and that abutment doesn’t charge to be in a abstracted adapted apprenticeship classroom.

Some academy districts in Portland, Oregon are a little added forth than the Los Angeles schools that are just bringing adapted apprenticeship acceptance aback from adapted schools and Michigan schools that are just alpha to try abounding affiliation of its acceptance and eliminating a lot of of the adapted apprenticeship classrooms.

Being a little added forth in the action Portland makes an absorbing case study. Abounding of the parents who initially accurate the abstraction of amalgam adapted apprenticeship acceptance into approved apprenticeship classrooms in Portland are now afraid about how the Portland Accessible Academy Arrangement is accomplishing it. Portland is aiming for full-inclusion by the year 2020. However, some of the agents in Portland are saying, “Obviously the adapted apprenticeship acceptance are traveling to abort and they are traveling to act out because we are not affair their needs… If there’s not the adapted abutment there, that’s not acceptable, not alone for the child, but for the accepted apprenticeship abecedary as well.”

A Portland ancestor said, “I would rather accept my adolescent feel acknowledged than for them to be ‘college-ready’.” She added states, “I wish my accouchement to be good, ample animal beings that accomplish the apple a bigger place. I don’t anticipate they necessarily charge to go to academy to do that. I anticipate that accouchement are individuals, and if we stop alleviative them as individuals, there’s a problem.” Sadly, abounding parents and agents accept larboard the Portland Academy District, and abounding added are fantasizing about it because they feel the full-inclusion archetypal isn’t alive there how they pictured it would.

How abundant should schools accommodate the adapted apprenticeship acceptance is the afire catechism of the hour. In my claimed acquaintance some affiliation is not alone possible, but it’s a must. With some abutment abounding of the adapted apprenticeship acceptance can be in the approved apprenticeship classrooms.

A few years ago I even had a non-speaking paraplegic boy in a caster armchair who was on a breath respirator sitting in my approved apprenticeship amusing studies class. Every day his para able and his assistant formed him into and sat with him. He consistently smiled at the tales I told of Alexander the Great boot beyond 11,000 afar of area and acquisition abundant of the accepted apple at that time. By the way, Alexander the Great aswell accomplished his own archetypal of admittance by auspicious affection to the baffled and auspicious his soldiers to ally the captured territory’s women in adjustment to actualize a abiding peace.

Other important factors to accede in adapted apprenticeship admittance is the abundant bare socialization and the extenuative of money affiliation offers. Kids apprentice from added kids and money not spent on Adapted Apprenticeship could be spent on accepted education, right? Hmm…

If you noticed, I said a little bit beforehand that abounding adapted apprenticeship acceptance could be integrated, but I did not say all or even a lot of should be integrated. There are just some acceptance that are traveling to yield abroad too abundant of the teacher’s time and absorption from added students, such as, in the case of acceptance with astringent behavior problems. If we put astringent behavior problems in approved apprenticeship classes it’s just absolute arbitrary to all of the added accouchement in there. Similar cases could be fabricated for added astringent disabilities too that appeal too abundant of the capital beck teacher’s alone time and attention.

Hey, I’m not adage to never try out a kid with a astringent affliction in a accepted apprenticeship setting. But what I am adage is that schools charge to accept a bigger arrangement of ecology these placements and be able to bound abolish acceptance that aren’t alive out, and are demography adored acquirements time abroad from added students. Furthermore, schools charge to do this after awkward the abecedary because the abecedary complained that the apprentice wasn’t a acceptable fit and was abolition the educational acquirements action of the added students. Leaving a kid in an inappropriate adjustment isn’t acceptable for any of the parties involved. Period.

Over the endure two decades I accept formed with added adapted apprenticeship acceptance than I can bethink as a adapted apprenticeship abecedary and a approved apprenticeship abecedary teaching admittance classes. I accept abstruse to become acutely adjustable and accommodating and appropriately accept had some of the toughest and a lot of beggared kids placed in my classes. I accept formed miracles with these kids over the years and I apperceive that I am not the alone abecedary out there accomplishing this. There are abounding added out there just like me. But, what I anguish about is that because agents are so committed and affairs off circadian miracles in the classroom, districts, association leaders, and baby-kisser may be blame too harder for the full-inclusion archetypal cerebration that the agents will just accept to amount it out. Ambience up agents and acceptance for abortion is never a acceptable idea.

Furthermore, I achievement it’s just not the money that they are aggravating to save while blame this full-inclusion archetypal advanced because what we should absolutely be aggravating to save is our children. As Fredrick Douglas said, “It is easier to body able accouchement than to adjustment torn men.” Regardless of how the banking educational pie is sliced, the basal band is that the pie is just too baby and our adapted apprenticeship agents and our adapted apprenticeship acceptance shouldn’t be fabricated to pay for this.

In addition, I accept been a abecedary for too continued to not be at atomic a little agnostic if I apprehend the administration say that the acumen they are blame for the full-inclusion archetypal is because socialization is so important. I apperceive it’s important. But, I aswell apperceive that too abounding humans are blind their hats on that socialization alibi rather than apprenticeship our adapted needs acceptance and accouterment them what they absolutely need. I accept apparent adapted apprenticeship acceptance whose abilities alone let them draw pictures sitting in ceremoniousness classes. There is no absolute socialization demography abode here. It just doesn’t accomplish sense.

Well, assuredly advancing abounding circle. It will be absorbing to see area this abounding admittance affair goes. The astute ones will not let their adapted apprenticeship agents go, or get rid of their classrooms. And for the academy districts that do, I brainstorm that it will not yield continued afore they apprehend the aberration they fabricated and alpha hiring adapted apprenticeship agents back. To my acquaintance and his now ex-principal ancestor from all those years ago who anticipation adapted apprenticeship was traveling away, well, we’re not there yet, and to acquaint you the truth, I don’t anticipate we anytime will be.

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Educational Problem Solving

Abstract

This commodity introduces the educational solutions bore of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic site, anecdotic aggressive offerings, the chump profile, problem-oriented solutions, ambition markets, artefact offerings, and account features. It concludes that the bore is a above addition to the admonition superhighway.

Introduction

The aim of this commodity is to acquaint to the apple the educational solutions bore of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic site. The commodity is addressed to those readers who may accept an educational botheration bogging them and who may accordingly be searching for a way out of their predicament. The clairvoyant may be a parent, child, or student.

It is a accepted actuality of activity that we all accept problems and that we are generally balked or we tend to baste out because of our disability to acquisition attainable and reliable admonition about our problems. This specialist website fills this charge – as our businesslike acquaintance for analytic our educational problems.

To be of the greatest use to humans a botheration analytic website accept to amalgamate businesslike discussions of their claimed or able botheration with merchant online autograph that accommodate added abundant information. Typically, the web website will accommodate chargeless admonition in the anatomy of news, articles, and advice, which absolute the company on what to do to break her problems. Complementing this, the web website will aswell accommodate merchant online autograph which altercate in detail how the company can go about absolute her problem. This agency that the a lot of effective, visitor-oriented analytic website will be an information-packed bartering website – and so is the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic website and its specialist sites.

The admission that we accept adopted beneath is to call aggressive offerings, the chump profile, problem-oriented solutions, ambition markets, artefact offerings, and account features.

Competitive Offerings

The afterward are the top educational sites on the Internet, forth with their offerings.

US Administration of Education. It defines the US apprenticeship action and provides admonition on banking aid, educational analysis and statistics, grants and contracts, and teaching and acquirements resources.

Educational Testing Service. It provides a ambit of analysis resources.

FunBrain.com. It provides educational amateur for K-8 kids.

PrimaryGames.com. It provides fun acquirements accoutrement and amateur for kids.

GEM. It provides educational assets such as assignment affairs and added teaching and acquirements resources.

Education World. It provides admonition on assignment plans, able development, and technology integration.

NASA Apprenticeship Enterprise. It provides educational abstracts and admonition apropos to amplitude exploration.

Spartacus Educational. It is a British online album that focuses on actual topics.

Department for Apprenticeship and Skills. It is a UK government administration website that offers admonition and admonition on assorted educational and abilities topics.

Times Educational Supplement. It offers teaching news, teaching & educational resources, and alive forums to admonition UK teachers.

All these sites are advantageous in the domains that they cover. Their capital limitations are as follows:

1. They tend to awning alone a actual attenuated articulation of the educational market.

2. They do not yield as their starting point the circadian educational needs of the archetypal family.

3. They abridgement a botheration focus; i.e., they do not codify the archetypal acquirements and educational problems that pupils, students, and parents face on a circadian basis.

4. As a aftereffect of the above-mentioned point, the solutions offered are not as acute (i.e. as problem-centred) as they could be.

5. They do not action merchant online autograph that deepen the visitor’s compassionate of her botheration and of the consistent solutions.

The educational solutions bore of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic website addresses these problems by targeting a complication of bazaar segments, adopting a chump contour that fits the archetypal education-pursuing family, because the specific needs or problems that this ancestors may face, alms acute (problem-centred) solutions to the assorted problems, and alms a ambit of merchant online autograph that deepen the visitor’s acknowledgment of her problems and of the solutions that are applicative to them.

Customer Profile

The chump contour or ambition company characteristics of the educational solutions bore is the aforementioned as for all specialist sites of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic site. The website has been advised to accommodated the needs of visitors who accept an educational botheration bogging them. It is advised for both males and females, even admitting it is generally acceptable to accredit to just one sex if writing.

This company uses seek engines to analysis admonition about her claimed or able problem, with the ambition of award solutions to it. The company is austere about analytic her botheration and is accordingly accommodating to buy online autograph that admonition her to accomplish her mission, provided that she can acquisition reliable and honest admonition about accordant online autograph so that she can accomplish an abreast accommodation about which ones to acquire. This admonition will admonition her to administer her affairs economically, and appropriately abstain crumbling money.

The company will wish a money-back agreement so that if a artefact does not reside up to expectations or if she were addled into affairs a artefact she can get a refund. Such a agreement absolves her of acquirement risks.

The company is able (without necessarily getting a genius), accomplished (without necessarily getting a PhD), computer community (without necessarily getting a computer guru), and money-minded (without necessarily getting a chargeless hunter or an unemployed person). This of advance does not beggarly that chargeless hunters or unemployed bodies cannot accretion a affair from the site. To the contrary, there is a abundant accord of chargeless admonition on the site. Just that it is harder to see how anyone can accretion the abounding allowances of the website after affairs products.

The company wants top superior admonition online autograph (usually in agenda form) and wants to pay the cheapest amount for these (without paying so abundant accent on amount that she compromises quality). The company aswell wants chargeless benefit offers that are absorbed to the purchased goods.

The company is assured and can cope on her own by reading, digesting, and applying admonition about her botheration until she solves it or discovers that she needs admonition from a professional, at which point her acquired adeptness will admonition her to abate her consulting fees. As a aftereffect of the adeptness gained, the company will be able to appraise consultants in adjustment to abstain amateur or counterfeit ones.

Problem-Centred Solutions

Our chargeless solutions are organised in the anatomy of businesslike online autograph that are accounting by top experts. Anniversary commodity addresses a specific circadian problem, but does not go into detail. It explains the botheration and tells the company what she accept to do to break her problem. However, it does not acquaint the company how she accept to break it – this is too abundant for an article. To acquisition out about the how, the company accept to buy a artefact (usually an e-book or e-book set) that goes into greater depth.

The set of educational online autograph that we accept chosen, to accommodate antecedent band-aid to a visitor’s botheration are as follows:

Signs of a Able Adolescent – Informs parents on how to analyze whether or not their accouchement are gifted.

Essential Parenting Lessons for Enriching Your Child’s Apprenticeship – Teaches parents how to enhance their child’s education.

Using Absolute Affirmations to Be a Better Apprentice – Teaches acceptance how to use absolute affirmations to advance their performance.

They Are Just Afraid of Autograph – Teaches autograph abilities to students

How Can Parents Encourage Their Accouchement to Read? – Shows parents how they can advance their children’s account skills.

Test Alertness Apprenticeship – Discusses the affair of apprenticeship acceptance to adapt for tests or exams.

Test Demography Strategies – Discusses assorted strategies for demography and casual tests or exams

Playing and Winning the Scholarship Game – Describes how to win scholarships.

How to Get a Scholarship to a UK University – Describes how to win scholarships to a UK university.

Saving Money for Academy – Instructs acceptance on how they can save money in alertness for college.

Student Loans: If Your Educational Dreams Can’t Compete with the Cost – Explains to acceptance the allowances of a apprentice loan.

Education Loans Can Fund a Academy Degree to Boost Your Career – Aswell explains to acceptance the allowances of a apprentice loan.

The Secret to US Administration of Apprenticeship Loans – Teaches acceptance how to get a US DoE accommodation to accounts their academy education.

Student Accommodation Alliance – Save Money, Pay Less, Spend Added – Explains to graduates how to accomplish use of accommodation alliance to abate their apprentice accommodation repayments.

Higher Education: Award the Appropriate Academy for You – Explains to acceptance how to acquisition the appropriate academy or university for their academy apprenticeship studies.

Mobile Acquirements – An Alternative Worth Because – Explains the abstraction of adaptable acquirements and its abode in education.

Online Degrees – Is Online Apprenticeship Appropriate for You? – Analyses the claim of online acquirements as compared to acceptable learning.

An Online Academy Apprenticeship Overview – Reviews the accomplished abstraction of online learning.

Finding the Appropriate Citation for Your Paper or Speech Online – Shows writers and speakers how to acquisition the appropriate citation to use in their writings or speeches.

Collaboration: An Important Administration Development Skill – Explores the advantageous abstraction of accord and its role in administration development.

At the end of anniversary commodity is a account of merchant online autograph that supplement the article’s content. A hotlink is aswell included for accessing the educational artefact catalogue.

Target Markets and Artefact Offerings

Now let us about-face to the ambition markets and their associated artefact offerings. We accept positioned the segments to abode the assorted needs of a company over a aeon of time, and at any accustomed time a chump may accord to one or added of the bazaar segments. There are three accepted classes of online autograph offered: ClickBank products, Google products, and eBay products. Google and eBay online autograph are presented on anniversary page of the site. ClickBank online autograph are aggregate into artefact categories that bout the ambition markets. These categories and their markets are as follows.

Children and Parenting. This consists of visitors who wish parenting solutions for convalescent their children’s upbringing. Their needs are met through the Accouchement and Parenting breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Difficult Admissions. This consists of visitors who wish to apprentice how to get acceptance into top universities. Their needs are met through the Difficult Admissions breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Esoteric Needs. This consists of visitors with abnormal needs. Their needs are met through the Esoteric Needs breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Financial Aid. This consists of visitors searching for scholarships, grants, or loans. Their needs are met through the Banking Aid breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Leadership Skills. This consists of visitors searching to advance their administration skills. Their needs are met through the Administration Abilities breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Learning. This consists of visitors who wish to advance their acquirements ability. Their needs are met through the Acquirements breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Mental Speed. This consists of visitors who wish to backfire their brainy speed. Their needs are met through the Brainy Acceleration breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Positive Affirmations. This consists of visitors who wish to transform their abrogating dispositions into a absolute mindset in adjustment to advance their performance. Their needs are met through the Absolute Affirmations breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Speaking. This consists of visitors searching to advance their speaking skills. Their needs are met through the Speaking breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Tests and Exams. This consists of visitors searching to adept assay technique. Their needs are met through the Tests and Exams breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Writing. This consists of visitors searching to advance their autograph skills. Their needs are met through the Autograph breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Usability Considerations

Usability has been added to accomplish it simple for the company to acquisition solutions to her problem, by afterward these steps:

1. The aboriginal affair the company sees are a set of online autograph whose titles represent the specific botheration breadth they address. The online autograph are accessed from the Educational Botheration Analytic card of the aeronautics bar to the larboard of the awning or from the Educational Botheration Analytic capital page. By scanning these online autograph the company can analyze whether or not her botheration is covered. If not the company can analysis the educational artefact archive through the Artefact Catalogues card of the aforementioned aeronautics bar, to see whether a artefact exists that answers her query. If she finds annihilation she knows that her botheration is not addressed. She can advance to the Related Sites pages, which are attainable from the larboard aeronautics bar.

2. If the company finds an commodity that addresses her botheration again she can activate to analyze that; at the end of the commodity she will acquisition online autograph that altercate her botheration added deeply. She can aswell admission the educational artefact archive through an commodity page.

Conclusion

This commodity has alien the educational solutions bore of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic site. The commodity has advised aggressive offerings, the ambition chump profile, problem-oriented solutions, ambition markets, artefact offerings, and account considerations. It concludes that the bore is a above addition to the admonition superhighway.

A A Agbormbai is the editor and webmaster of Claimed and Able Botheration Analytic – a web website that fills a exhaustion on the Web. He has a PhD from Imperial Academy London and enjoys an interdisciplinary accomplishments accepting formed or advised in aerospace engineering, admonition systems development, and management. The educational solutions bore is one of abounding specialist sites of Claimed and Able Botheration Solving.

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New Policy On Distance Learning In Higher Education Sector

In aftereffect to the advertisement of 100 canicule calendar of HRD of admiral by Hon’ble Human Resources development Minister, a New Action on Ambit Acquirements In College Apprenticeship Sector was drafted.

BACKGROUND

1. In agreement of Entry 66 of Account 1 of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, Parliament is competent to accomplish laws for the allocation and assurance of standards in institutions for college apprenticeship for research, and accurate and abstruse institutions. Parliament has allowable laws for absolution this albatross through: the University Grants Commission (UGC) for accepted College Education, the All India Council for Abstruse Apprenticeship (AICTE) for Abstruse Education; and added Approved bodies for added disciplines. As commendations college education, through the ambit mode, Indira Gandhi Civic Accessible University (IGNOU) Act, 1985 was allowable with the afterward two prime objectives, a part of others: (a) To board opportunities for college apprenticeship to a ample articulation of population, abnormally disadvantaged groups active in bound and rural areas, adults, housewives and alive people; and (b) to animate Accessible University and Ambit Apprenticeship Systems in the educational arrangement of the country and to alike and actuate the standards in such systems.

2. The history of ambit acquirements or apprenticeship through ambit approach in India, goes way aback if the universities started alms apprenticeship through ambit approach in the name of Accord Courses through their Directorate/School of Accord Education. In those days, the courses in abstract and/or in business were offered through accord and taken by those, who, attributable to assorted reasons, including bound amount of seats in approved courses, employability, problems of admission to the institutions of college acquirements etc., could not get themselves enrolled in the accepted `face-to-face’ approach `in-class’ programmes.

3. In the contempo past, the appeal for college apprenticeship has added awfully throughout the country because of acquaintance about the acceptation of college education, admitting the arrangement of college apprenticeship could not board this anytime accretion demand.

4. Beneath the circumstances, a amount of institutions including accounted universities, clandestine universities, accessible (Government) universities and even added institutions, which are not empowered to accolade degrees, acquire started cashing on the bearings by alms ambit apprenticeship programmes in a ample amount of disciplines, alignment from abstract to engineering and administration etc., and at altered levels (certificate to under-graduate and post-graduate degrees). There is consistently a crisis that some of these institutions may become `degree mills’ alms sub- standard/poor superior education, appropriately acerbic the believability of degrees and added abilities awarded through the ambit mode. This calls for a far college amount of allocation a part of the anxious approved authorities, primarily, UGC, AICTE and IGNOU and its ascendancy – the Ambit Apprenticeship Council (DEC).

5. Government of India had antiseptic its position in account of accepting of degrees, becoming through the ambit mode, for application beneath it vide Gazette Notification No. 44 anachronous 1.3.1995.

6. Despite the risks referred to in para 4 above, the acceptation of ambit apprenticeship in accouterment superior apprenticeship and training cannot be ignored. Ambit Approach of apprenticeship has an important role for:

(i)providing befalling of acquirements to those, who do not acquire absolute admission to face to face teaching, alive persons, house-wives etc.

(ii)providing befalling to alive professionals to amend their knowledge, enabling them to switchover to new disciplines and professions and acceptable their abilities for career advancement.

(iii)exploiting the abeyant of Advice and Communication Technology (ICT) in the teaching and acquirements process; and

(iv)achieving the ambition of 15% of GER by the end of 11th Plan and 20% by the end of 12th 5 year Plan.

7. In adjustment to acquittal the Constitutional albatross of assurance and aliment of the standards in College Education, by ensuring allocation a part of assorted approved authoritative authorities as aswell to ensure the advance of accessible and ambit apprenticeship arrangement in the country to accommodated the aspirations of all cross-sections of humans for college education, the afterward action in account of ambit acquirements is laid down:

(a) In adjustment to ensure able allocation in adjustment of standards of college apprenticeship in altered disciplines through assorted modes [i.e. face to face and distance] as aswell to ensure believability of degrees/diploma and certificates awarded by Indian Universities and added Apprenticeship Institutes, an acme body, namely, Civic Commission for College Apprenticeship and Analysis shall be accustomed in band with the recommendations of Prof. Yash Pal Committee/National Ability Commission. A Standing Committee on Accessible and Distance

Education of the said Commission, shall undertake the job of coordination, assurance and aliment of standards of apprenticeship through the ambit mode. Pending enactment of this body:

(i) Alone those programmes, which do not absorb all-encompassing applied advance work, shall be permissible through the ambit mode.

(ii) Universities / institutions shall anatomy ordinances / regulations / rules, as the case may be, spelling out the outline of the programmes to be offered through the ambit approach advertence the amount of adapted credits, account of courses with assigned credits, account references in accession to cocky acquirements material, hours of study, acquaintance classes at abstraction centres, assignments, assay and appraisal process, allocation etc.

(iii) DEC of IGNOU shall alone appraise the adequacy of university/institute in account of administering ambit apprenticeship programmes by a aggregation of experts, whose address shall be placed afore the Council of DEC for consideration.

(iv) The approval shall be accustomed alone afterwards application by Council of DEC and not by Chairperson, DEC. For the purpose, minimum amount of binding diplomacy of DEC may be prescribed.

(v) AICTE would be directed beneath area 20 (1) of AICTE Act 1987 to ensure accreditation of the programmes in Computer Sciences, Advice Technology and Administration advised to be offered by an institute/university through the ambit mode, by Civic Board of Accreditation (NBA).

(vi) UGC and AICTE would be directed beneath area 20 (1) of their corresponding Acts to anatomy abundant regulations prescribing standards for assorted programmes/courses, offered through the ambit approach beneath their mandate,

(vii) No university/institute, except the universities accustomed by or beneath an Act of Parliament/State Legislature afore 1985, shall action any programme through the ambit mode, henceforth, after approval from DEC and accreditation by NBA. However, the universities/institutions already alms programmes in Humanities, Commerce/Business/Social Sciences/Computer Sciences and Advice Technology and Management, may be accustomed to continue, accountable to the action to admission beginning approval from DEC and accreditation from NBA aural one year, declining which they shall acquire to abandon the programme and the absolute onus with account to the bookish career and banking losses of the accepting enrolled with them, shall be on such institutions/universities.

(viii) In ablaze of ascertainment of Acme Court, ex-post-facto approval accepted by any ascendancy for ambit apprenticeship shall not be honoured and accepted henceforth. However, the universities accustomed by or beneath an Act of apprenticeship programmes in the streams of Humanities/Commerce/Social Sciences afore the year 1991 shall be afar from this policy.

(ix) The accepting who acquire been awarded degrees through ambit approach by the universities after demography above-mentioned approval of DEC and added approved bodies, shall be accustomed one chance, provided they fulfil the claim of minimum standards as assigned by the UGC, AICTE or any added accordant Approved Ascendancy through Regulation, to arise in examinations in such affidavit as absitively by the university appointed to conduct the examination. If these accepting authorize in this examination, the university anxious shall affair a certificate. The amount forth with the said condoning affidavit may be recognised for the purpose of employment/promotion beneath Central Government.

(x) A description shall be issued with advertence to Gazette Notification No. 44 anachronous 1.3.1995 that it shall not be applicative on to the degrees/diplomas awarded by the universities accustomed by or beneath an Act of Parliament or State Legislature afore 1985, in the streams of Humanities/Commerce and Social Sciences.

(xi) The action initiatives spelt out in afterwards paragraphs shall be appropriately applicative to institutions alms ambit education/intending to action ambit education.

(b) All universities and institutions alms programmes through the ambit approach shall charge to acquire above-mentioned recognition/approval for alms such programmes and accreditation from appointed competent authority, mandatorily in account of the programmes offered by them. The violators of this shall be accountable for adapted amends as assigned by law. The universities/institutions alms apprenticeship through ambit approach and begin complex in cheating of students/people by giving wrong/false advice or wilfully suppressing the advice shall aswell be dealt with carefully beneath the chastening accoutrement of law.

(c) The universities / institutes shall acquire their own abstraction centres for face to face counselling and abatement of difficulties as aswell to seek added bookish and authoritative assistance. Franchising of ambit apprenticeship by any university, institutions whether accessible or clandestine shall not be allowed.

(d ) The universities /institutions shall alone action such programmes through ambit approach which are on action on their campuses through accepted mode. In case of accessible universities, they shall necessarily acquire the adapted departments and commonsense above-mentioned to alms accordant programmes through ambit mode.

(e) It would be binding for all universities and apprenticeship institutions alms ambit apprenticeship to use Advice and Communication Technology (ICT) in supply of their programmes, administration of the apprentice and university diplomacy through a web aperture or any added such platform. The said belvedere shall invariably, affectation in accessible domain, the advice about the approved and added approvals forth with added all-important advice about the programmes on action through ambit mode, their accreditation and accepting enrolled, year- wise, etc. This may be affiliated to a civic database, as and if created, to facilitate the stakeholders to yield a appearance on the accepting of the degrees for the purpose of bookish following or application with/under them.

(f) All universities/education institutions shall accomplish optimal use of e-learning capacity for delivery/offering their programmes through ambit mode. They shall aswell be encouraged/required to acquire e-surveillance technology for conduct of clean, fair and cellophane examinations.

(g) The focus of ambit apprenticeship shall be to board befalling of apprenticeship to humans at educationally disadvantaged situations such as active in bound and rural areas, adults with no or bound admission to apprenticeship of their best etc.

(h) In adjustment to advance adjustable and charge based learning, choice-based acclaim arrangement shall be answer and all ODE institutions shall be encouraged to acquire this arrangement and advance a apparatus for accepting and alteration of credits of the courses auspiciously completed by accepting in contiguous or ambit mode. For the purpose, enactment of a acclaim coffer may be considered. Similarly, accepted universities, alms face to face approach programmes shall be encouraged to acquire the credits becoming by the accepting through ambit mode. A about-face over from anniversary to division arrangement shall be essential.

(i) Convergence of the contiguous approach teaching departments of accepted universities with their ambit apprenticeship directorates/correspondence advance wings as aswell with accessible universities/institutions alms ambit education, shall be afflicted aloft to arch the gap in ambit and accepted contiguous approach of education.

(j) Reputed Adopted apprenticeship providers able-bodied established, accustomed and accepted by competent ascendancy in their country and accommodating to action their apprenticeship programmes in India shall be allowed, accountable to the accomplishment of the acknowledged claim of the country.

(k) A Civic Advice and Communication Technology basement for networking of ODE institutions shall be created beneath Civic Mission on Apprenticeship through Advice and Communication Technology.

(l) Efforts would be fabricated to actualize favourable ambiance for analysis in Accessible and Ambit Apprenticeship (ODE) arrangement by ambience up basement like e- libraries, agenda data-base, online journals, captivation approved workshops, seminars etc.

(m) Training and acclimatization programmes for educators and administrators in ODE arrangement with focus on use of ICT and self-learning practice, shall be encouraged.

(n) ODE institutions shall be encouraged to yield affliction the educational needs of learners with disabilities and chief citizens.

(o) An official notification allegorical the affair of accepting of bookish qualification, becoming through ambit mode, for the purpose of employment, shall be issued.

(p) A apparatus shall be set up for appraisal of degrees of adopted universities for the purpose of bookish following as able-bodied as for application beneath the Central Government. This may cover the appraisal of the accreditation of the university anxious as aswell to analysis the adequacy of the amount holder, if needed.

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REAL ESTATE: Something You Might Want to Know

Real acreage agency the acreage consisting of acreage or barrio which aswell includes the accustomed assets of the acreage including barbaric flora and fauna, farmed crops and livestock, baptize and minerals, artlessly speaking any improvements on it. Tenants and leaseholders may accept the appropriate to absorb or accomplish use of annihilation that is aural the ascendancy of the busy breadth depending on the agreement and altitude set by the landlords.

However if we apprehend the words “real estate”, we about accredit it to the “real acreage market” from the angle of residential living. This is aggregate into three categories based on its use. It’s either be residential which is acclimated for active purposes, bartering as acclimated in business and automated which is acclimated in accomplish or assembly of goods. Residential are those abortive land, houses, condominiums and townhomes. Bartering are appointment buildings, warehouses and retails abundance barrio and examples of automated are factories, mines and farms.

Those who are affairs a home about charge to borrow money in the anatomy of mortgage because prices are about able-bodied aloft their savings. They can either account of fixed-rate or variable-rate.

Commercial leases are mostly best that residential and lenders may ask for college down transaction on a mortgage for bartering than home accommodation back about residential absolute acreage is usually beneath big-ticket so it is added affordable for baby investor

Generally, this is afflicted by the primary action to area the acreage is located. Profits or losses appear through acquirement from hire and acknowledgment of the estate’s value. There is aswell accident of addressee about-face abnormally if the business archetypal is in bad condition, artefact is unattractive, or poor administration and abounding more. So landlords, lessees has to accomplish abiding all is able-bodied set afore lending the area/place.

Real acreage can advice you acquire added abnormally if you are in duke with breeding leads and ambience able-bodied the backdrop in case you are into affairs or alms rentals. You accept to accomplish abiding you will be alive added of what you invested. Usually acreage appraisals are of acceptable and or top value, you just charge to plan on it. You have to consistently and consistently putting your client’s best interests first. With that, your claimed needs will be accomplished above your greatest expectations. Investing in this even on baby scale, was approved and activated as accurate agency of architecture an individual’s banknote flow.

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Some Anti-Theist Religious Bits & Pieces: Round Fifteen

Of all of those Big Questions axial to abstract concepts that beleaguer life, the cosmos and everything, the realms of canon and religions and the attributes of deities abide to fascinate. Opinions breed in books, articles, videos, conversations in confined and pubs, and in actuality anywhere and everywhere two or added bodies are in proximity. There’s the pro side; there’s the anti-side. There aren’t too abounding fence-sitters. I’m still in the anti-camp as the afterward $.25 and pieces illustrate.

Regarding Religion

*The massive assortment of religious faiths is a above altercation adjoin religious faith.

*Religions of alarm creates an “us-and-them” mentality.

*Christians are in favour of abandon of adoration as continued as it’s their religion.

*If you anytime wish to apperceive what is amiss with your religion, just ask somebody from an accession religion. They’ll be complete admiring to acquaint you.

*Teach a adolescent one adoration and you indoctrinate them. Teach them abounding religions and you bathe them.

Regarding Adoration vs. Science

*If the Bible is so all scientifically spot-on, afresh Galileo and Copernicus would never acquire gotten into apostolic hot baptize so to speak. Even the Pope, John Paul II assuredly had to accede centuries afterwards in October 1992 that Copernicus and (specifically) Galileo got it adapted and that the Church was amiss and had done these scientists an acute disservice and injustice.

*When analytical a few of my history of science tomes, what do I find?

The Age-old Greeks were accepted for their mathematics, observations in accustomed history and physics. They aswell came up with the abstraction of an bookish academy of college learning, and admitting no science, they are acutely associated with the abstraction of the Olympic Games.

The Arabs excelled at mathematics and astronomy.

The Polynesians were masters at amphibian and angelic navigation.

The Age-old Egyptians are associated with massive achievements in engineering and aswell mummification.

The Mayans were superb empiric astronomers even afterwards any instrumentation.

The Incas are acclaimed for their engineering architecture and for metallurgy.

The Chinese are accepted for abundant discoveries from allure to geophysics to astrochemistry and medicine.

The Vikings were adept seafarers.

Several age-old cultures afar came up with the aerodynamic attempt administering the apparatus of the backlash – not associated with the Bible of course.

Alas, the Bible and Biblical characters do not amount any acknowledgment at all. Historians of science do not accede any accession to science from the Bible or via the characters associated with the Bible. If anything, the ‘science’ in the Bible gets a massive thumbs down.

Regarding Acceptance & Belief

*A acceptance arrangement that hasn’t afflicted in 2000 years that isn’t self-correcting isn’t annual broad because it isn’t able of acquirements annihilation new.

*I’d rather not apperceive the acknowledgment than accomplish accepting up.

*Now I realise that the apple is a complete alarming place, accordingly you feel complete afraid and abandoned and baby aural this sea of altruism that’s absolutely algid and aloof and blah about you. So, it’s no admiration that you acquire to reside as abundant as accessible in a befuddlement wonderland inhabited by an airy abracadabra man in the sky, a Big Brother amount who will attending afterwards you.

*Christian theists represent just one acceptance a allotment of abounding abundant faiths. I acquire no added acumen to acquire in that acceptance and to acquire that acceptance than both you and I both do with annual to any of the added faiths. The abandoned tiny aberration amid us is that you’re an agnostic if it comes to all faiths but one; I’m an agnostic if it comes to all faiths abounding stop. So to recap, I don’t acquire in your acceptance in the aforementioned way that you don’t acquire in all the others who acquire their acceptance angry up in all the added faiths that aren’t your faith.

*You may affirmation to acquire complete ‘knowledge’ that God exists as adjoin to just a amount of claimed acceptance or acceptance that God exists, but behindhand of the appellation used, you cannot aback that ‘knowledge’ to me in such a way or anatomy that I can afar verify that ‘knowledge’ for myself. Therefore, your ‘knowledge’ is abandoned to me until such time as you do just that. This inability; your abridgement to accord me ‘knowledge’ that I can afar verify, speaks volumes.

*But, speaking of ‘knowledge’, I’ll accord you a believable acumen why you acquire you acquire ‘knowledge’ of God’s existence, the (near) accurateness of the Bible and in the absoluteness of a abnormal Jesus. It’s all because that was the canon that was accomplished in the ability / affiliation / affiliation / ancestors you were built-in and aloft into, although indoctrinated / brainwashed ability be added to the point and a added adapted term(s). Now you know, and I know, that had you been built-in and aloft in accession time and in accession abode your apostolic conduct would acquire been acutely different. You’d bet the ancestors acreage on Ra, The Book of the Asleep and on Horus. You’d acquire acceptance in your ‘knowledge’ of the canon allotment and bindle of age-old Egypt and you apperceive this to be true.

*So just because you affirmation to acquire some ‘knowledge’ of something (i.e. – God & Jesus) does not in and of itself; of necessity, accomplish that declared ‘knowledge’ correct. Abounding a accepting has had ability that afterwards accepted wrong.

*Faith is not scepticism.

*Assuming that both Satan and God are real, how did you in actuality amount out that God is the acceptable guy and Satan is the bad guy? What apparatus did you use to amount that out? You acquire to use your own self-generated chastity to adjudge the issue. If you use God’s chastity that’s imposed on you, afresh you aren’t traveling to be able to use your own complete judgement. God is acutely traveling to be biased in favour of God.

Regarding Prayer & Miracles

*Hands that advice are far added important than easily that pray.

*It doesn’t calculation if you adjure for rain today if yesterday’s acclimate anticipation said tomorrow it’s traveling to rain!

Regarding the Bible

*Anyone can address words in a book like the Bible. But is there any complete analysis for all of the Bible’s declared abnormal happenings? Just because I apprehend a book in breakthrough physics doesn’t accomplish breakthrough physics true, about abundant I ability acquire the author. But I can go out and do the abstracts / observations (or watch the abstracts accepting done) and argue myself that breakthrough physics is absolutely accurate as the book and antecedent stated. That’s complete verification.

*Here’s a Biblical analogy: I complete afresh watched the 15 adventure TV miniseries on DVD “North & South” – before, during and afterwards the American Civil War. Now about all of the locations area the acceptance yield abode in actuality exist. Abounding of the contest (i.e. – Civil War battles; Lincoln’s assassination, Harper’s Ferry, etc.) in actuality happened. Some of the acknowledging casting played absolutely complete complete characters like Accepted Lee and Accepted Grant and President Lincoln, etc. However, a few of the places, abounding of the events, and all of the above characters were absolutely fabricated up. Thus, “North & South” is a plan of complete fiction so just because one abode / accident / appearance was complete doesn’t construe into the complete miniseries accepting something a top academy apprentice could watch in alertness for an American history exam.

*Consider Genesis 2: 24 (King James Version)

“Therefore shall a man leave his ancestor and his mother, and shall carve unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.”

The abandoned two bodies present and accounted for at this point in time were Adam and Eve and they didn’t acquire a mum and a dad (in the acceptable sense). So area did this abstraction of parenthood appear from out of the blue; all of a sudden? Able-bodied acutely this is just authentic affirmation that Genesis was all the artefact of beastly authorship; antecedent that knew altogether able-bodied that bodies appear from bodies and that bodies acquire mums and dads. Said authors bare to analyze that afterwards their artistic apprehension of the initially humanly parent-less conception allegory of Adam and Eve.

*I don’t acquire neither the time nor the affection to go through over 600 Biblical contradictions, one by one. I will acknowledgment one however. There are two abstracted and afar Ten Commandments which are not complementary; they do not accede one with the added (apart from the complete aboriginal commandment) – analyze and adverse Exodus 20: 3-17 and Exodus 34: 11-28 (and yield abnormally accurate agenda of the final three words in Exodus 34: 28). Suffice it be to say that I am assertive the Bible is brimming abounding of centralized contradictions. That’s in accession to all the added nonsense I’ve already affected on and gone through.

*Who said that the Bible was God’s word? A beastly said that!

Regarding that Biblical Talking Snake:

*I’ll aswell agenda that it is simple to try to analyze Satan with the talking snake in hindsight aback Genesis and Revelation are eons apart; as far afar as it is accessible to get. Revelation was accounting much, abundant afterwards and could be askance to acclimate to antecedent Biblical capacity and verses.

Faced with an Ockham’s Razor best amid the Genesis talking snake absolutely accepting a abnormal article (i.e. – Satan) for which there is no complete complete affirmation that he even exists, or the talking snake accepting the artefact of authentic beastly imagination, which is a added rational decision?

Regarding the Exodus

We all apperceive the alpine annual of how God allowable Moses (and afterwards Aaron – Exodus 4) to go to the Egyptian pharaoh (curiously bearding in the Bible) with a request, able-bodied appeal actually, to let God’s Chosen Bodies (the Israelites / Hebrews) leave their declared enslavement in Egypt so they could biking to the Promised Land – the Burning Bush allegory of The Exodus (Exodus 3).

God tells Moses that pharaoh will not acquire to him if he requests, in actuality demands is added the case in point, that pharaoh let the Hebrew ‘slaves’ go out of Egypt, even afterwards God has accustomed the Egyptian nation (note, not pharaoh) nine plagues to accord with.

Despite giving Moses and Aaron a bag abounding of abracadabra tricks with which to argue the Egyptian enactment of their angelic mission bona-fides, God aswell told Moses (and Aaron) that pharaoh wouldn’t acquire to them (Exodus 7: 4; 11: 9) and let His bodies go (Exodus 3: 19; 11: 9). In actuality God knew before-the-fact that He would acquire to get complete awful with Egypt (the Egyptians in accepted instead of the pharaoh specifically) in adjustment to accomplish His aims (Exodus 3: 20). So an complete affair arises, why bother sending Moses (and Aaron) to chin-wag with pharaoh in the aboriginal place? It was bedevilled from the get-go.

In actuality God advisedly and on abundant occasions, accustomed pharaoh’s affection to ensure Moses and Aaron wouldn’t be listened to[#] and to ensure pharaoh wouldn’t let His Chosen Bodies go (Exodus 4: 21; 7: 3; 7: 13-14; 7: 22; 8: 15; 8: 19; 8: 32; 9: 7; 9: 12; 9: 34-35; 10: 1; 10: 20; 10: 27; 11: 10; 14: 4; 14: 8; and aswell all Egyptians to cossack Exodus 14: 17). What was the point of allurement pharaoh to let His bodies go and afresh hardening pharaoh’s affection to ensure the exact adverse result? Perhaps that just afresh gives God the barbarous amusement of inflicting atrocious and abnormal punishments on the Egyptian bodies via those ten plagues – note, not just on pharaoh, the abandoned accepting to which He had an antecedent beef. In actuality several times pharaoh was accommodating to let His bodies go and basically told the Hebrews to piss off (Exodus 9: 28; 10: 10; 10: 24; 12: 31-33), but no, God accustomed pharaoh’s affection instead.

What God should acquire done, what God should acquire told pharaoh anon god-to-man (face-to-face), bold God was traveling to be fair-dinkum about His one and abandoned one accurate cold which was accepting pharaoh to let His Chosen Bodies leave Egypt (instead of aggravating to prove Himself to all Egyptians as an all-round barbarous tyrant by inflicting the ten plagues), would acquire been that unless pharaoh let His bodies go, pharaoh was traveling to yield a complete continued airing off a the top of a complete alpine and abrupt rock pyramid. End of discussion; end of problem.

[#] And pharaoh didn’t acquire to (or catch unto) Moses or Aaron (Exodus 7: 13; 7: 22; 8: 15; 8: 19; and 9: 12).

Issues Arising 1: What was the point of sending Moses and Aaron to allocution to the pharaoh if God knew pharaoh wouldn’t acquire and let the Israelites / Hebrews leave Egypt and God Himself would ensure this on abundant occasions by hardening pharaoh’s heart? It was all an exercise in complete futility if you were Moses and Aaron.

Issues Arising 2: What was the point of God inflicting abuse on the Egyptian bodies and livestock (i.e. – the ten plagues) if it was pharaoh and pharaoh abandoned who was the obstacle – an obstacle God admired to be an obstacle so God could strut His accepting and accomplish abuse abiding that all and assorted knew afterwards agnosticism that He was a apprehend bad-ass.

Regarding God

*If there absolutely is an outstanding altercation for the complete actuality of God, why aren’t theists application it?

*Even if God in actuality exists, that in and of itself doesn’t beggarly that this God is aces of accepting worshipped.

*By the way, a awry apple implies a awry creator.

*If you’re aggravating to prove the actuality of God, which god are you aggravating to prove and why? Can you accord me any complete affirmation that supports your God that doesn’t aswell abutment accession god(s)?

*God said it; I acquire it; that settles it.

*If you are absolutely aces of worship, you wouldn’t appeal to be worshipped. And just because God (may have) created you doesn’t beggarly of alarm that you are answerable to adoration Him.

*If God created a women to be a accompaniment to the macho of the species, why didn’t God actualize a changeable celestial to be a accompaniment to Him?

Regarding God’s Conception & the Aboriginal Cause Argument

*I adduce that God is in actuality a bewitched aerial blush albatross how farted the Cosmos into existence. Justification? We apperceive that farting exists, even in the beastly commonwealth (my bodies canyon wind for example); we apperceive that aerial exists, from insects to pterosaurs to birds to bats to airplanes; we apperceive that blush exists (quite afar from the entertainer); we apperceive that elephants abide too. So a aerial blush albatross that farted the Cosmos into actuality is way added rational that presupposing any airy abracadabra man in the sky did the accomplishment aback we acquire no complete ability that such a architect celestial in actuality even exists.

*Maybe God acquired the Big Bang accident but in accomplishing so blew Himself up – oops.

Regarding God’s Omniscience

*If God is all-knowing afresh how can He be agitated at you for aberrant if He knew even afore you were built-in that you would sin?

*Some say that there is no bucking in accepting all-knowing and accepting chargeless will. But if you apperceive for complete certain, and you are apprenticed by that knowledge, of what you are traveling to acquire for breakfast tomorrow morning, afresh of alarm you acquire to acquire that breakfast. Otherwise you didn’t apperceive for complete assertive what was to appear before-the-fact and you weren’t all-knowing. If you are all-knowing afresh you acquire no chargeless will in the amount if you do what you knew for complete assertive what you would do. Now either a celestial has chargeless will OR abroad it is all-knowing. The celestial cannot be both aback that would be a analytic aberration or contradiction. Of advance the celestial in catechism could be neither all-knowing AND acquire no chargeless will, which suggests that there ability not even be a celestial present and accounted for at all. Further, if God is NOT all-knowing, afresh I’ll advance that He doesn’t apperceive how to actualize an complete something from complete nothingness.

Rebuttal: Omniscience (knowing all) does not cover alive the future, because the approaching does not abide (by the complete grammar of the sentence, it would accomplish no faculty to say that the approaching exists). So, just as an all-seeing accepting doesn’t charge to apperceive the amount of hairs on Harry Potter’s arch (there is no such number, so there’s annihilation to know), additionally He would not acquire to apperceive the approaching (since there is no such thing).”

Rebutting the rebuttal: Some concordance definitions to alpha with of “omni”. Omni agency “indicates all”; “denoting all”; “an aspect of Latin agent acceptation ‘all’”. If you are ALL-knowing, the chat ALL agency just that – ALL. ALL encompasses ALL that is past; ALL that is present; ALL that is future; ALL is ALL that there is to apperceive about life, the Cosmos and everything. The byword is “all-knowing” NOT “all (except for the future)-knowing. Argue with the use of the chat “all”, not with me. And by the way, the approaching is deterministic accustomed the laws, attempt and relationships that aphorism the roost. One example: solar and lunar eclipses can be predicted with authoritativeness bags of years into the future. You could address a annual of approaching events, contest you apperceive acquire to happen.

Rebuttal 2: Omni does absolutely beggarly “all”, but the approaching does not exist, and so it is not allotment of “all” any added than the amount of hairs on Santa Claus’ bristles is allotment of “all”. There is no such number, so even an all-seeing accepting is not appropriate to apperceive it.

Rebutting the acknowledgment 2: Again, the byword is “all-knowing” NOT “all (except for the future)-knowing”. Further, accustomed theist’s acceptance that the Bible is the complete chat of God, the Book of Revelation is all about the future. Further, what about all of those Biblical prophets who had complete ability of the future? Finally, I acquire assertive myself through rational anticipation processes that chargeless will and omniscience are adverse and adverse terms.

Regarding God’s Will

*Since we weren’t accustomed to eat from the Tree of Ability that would advance that God admired to accumulate us in a accompaniment of authentic and abiding ignorance. Methinks knowledge, even ability of acceptable and evil, is bigger to benightedness and so the talking snake, Even and Adam ultimately did the adapted thing.

*Now just why would God all bodies to acquire chargeless will if He afresh will not acquiesce said bodies to exercise their chargeless will afterwards backbreaking them for it? That’s all the added the case if if appliance one’s chargeless will the exercise of that chargeless will harms no added humans. There are abounding “thou shall nots” in the Bible that if you do any of those “nots” God will get you for that even admitting no accepting was afflicted or inconvenienced in even the aboriginal way.

Regarding God’s ‘Morality’

*If you anticipate God is Mr. Chastity personified, afresh amuse acquiesce me to apprehend assertive adult-only Biblical acceptance to your adolescent children!

For archetype (one of many):

1 Samuel 15:2-3 (King James Version)

2 “Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I bethink that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid delay for him in the way, if he came up from Egypt.”

3 “Now go and agonize Amalek, and absolutely abort all that they have, and additional them not; but annihilate both man and woman, baby and suckling, ox and sheep, biscuit and ass.”

Now how are you traveling to explain to your adolescent adolescent why God ordered breed and babies to be slaughtered? And what was the point of killing all of the livestock? God’s insane!

*More about God’s crimes? God says “do not kill”; God kills. Enough said! For addition I acclaim you watch on YouTube DarkMatter2525′s blow on “God goes on a accumulation annihilation spree”. He gives 41 Biblical references to aback up his claims.

*We do not, or we absolutely should not get our chastity from God on the area that He’s complete abundant a ‘do as I say, not as I do’ array of dude. Any complete affiliation amid God and chastity is a above oxymoronic association. I’m ready, accommodating and able to canyon judgement on God and God’s declared ‘morality’, abnormally on area that God, afterwards all, was created in the angel of humans. So I’m ultimately in judgement of adolescent humans, admitting bodies – bodies who wrote the Bible appropriately authentic God’s ‘morality’ – continued aback angry to dust and ashes.

*If you acquire God’s adaptation of chastity unreservedly, afresh you are casual judgement aloft God. If you do not acquire God’s adaptation of chastity unreservedly, either in allotment or in its entirety, afresh you are aswell casual on God. In either case, you are application your own internally acquired concepts of chastity to either accede or disagree with God’s morality.

*Morality acquire to appear from some authority. We (the people) ARE that authority.

Regarding Jesus

*Can Christian theists adduce for me at atomic one inscription or certificate – NOT the Bible – that has been anachronous and accurate to the era amid 1 AD and say 50 AD, an inscription or certificate that mentions Jesus, abnormally a abnormal Jesus, one who performed miracles and who was adored from the dead? Can you do that? If not afresh amuse accumulate quiet about the actuality of abreast affirmation for the complete actuality of Jesus.

Because here’s the point. Did any of the declared (500 or so) assemblage (1 Corinthians 15: 6) to the adored Jesus, or any of the women or any of the aggregation who saw an activated adaptation of him post-crucifixion anytime pen their own aboriginal accepting annual of this miracle? The acknowledgment is an complete “no”.

And age-old historian Josephus wasn’t built-in until after-the-fact (37 AD – 100 AD). He makes no acknowledgment of Jesus until about 93-94 AD in his “Antiquities of the Jews”, declining to acknowledgment Jesus in beforehand works, and afresh gives abandoned two abrupt mentions which acquire becoming abundant bookish agitation (i.e. – not anybody is assertive of the actuality of what Josephus allegedly wrote. Further, there are no originals – of course. The ancient copies date to the 11th Century, so we’re ambidextrous with copies of copies of copies; translations of translations of translations. Who can absolutely say what alterations were or ability acquire been fabricated by those Christian monks into whose affliction was placed the accordant Josephus manuscript?

Even if admitting all of the copies and all of the translations and all of the opportunities for those with vested interests to add and/or decrease from what Josephus wrote, what Josephus wrote abandoned gives complete believability to Jesus the bitter person, not Jesus the abnormal being.

*Christian theists do go on, and on, and on, and on, and on about all of this affirmation for the actuality of a abnormal Jesus and a adored Jesus (and an airy Jesus, but never apperception that). Yet two of the three above monotheistic religions accord the abstraction of a abnormal / adored Jesus the complete thumbs down. So why doesn’t their declared affirmation for Jesus cut any ice with the Accurate Believers of these two added above faiths? Methinks something is complete aberrant with theist’s declared affirmation – like it doesn’t in actuality even exist.

*Regarding the declared awakening of Jesus, can you brainstorm the beating that would appear if avant-garde above account acceptance in the here-and-now weren’t appear anywhere until 50 years after-the-fact. What amount of accurateness could you apprehend abnormally if aggregate were just appear by word-of-mouth? Fifty years after-the-fact? Allocution about accession facts arising and absolutely affected news.

*Hercules is the complete new awakening adventure and Jesus is the affected account story. The awakening of Jesus was a hardly reworked appropriation of the Hercules resurrection. Now prove me wrong!

*The declared “empty tomb” is not an altercation for the awakening of Jesus. Just because my cookie jar is abandoned doesn’t beggarly I don’t acquire any cookies. Or, just because I acquire an abandoned wallet doesn’t beggarly that I’m broke.

*Sexual abnegation didn’t advice the Virgin Mary now, did it?

*knock, beating

–”Who is it?”

-”It’s me, Jesus. Let me in.”

–”Why do you wish in?”

-”I wish to save you.”…

–”Save me from what?”

-”From what I’ll do to you if you don’t let me in

Regarding Atheists & Atheism

*Theists ability just account by watching on YouTube the call-in TV appearance “The Agnostic Experience” (out of Austin, Texas) which is in actuality advised accurately for theists to alarm in and accord their canon their best shot. I’d adulation to see theists go up afresh Matt Dillahunty who about became a Christian abbot (before he saw the light) and appropriately apparently knows added about Christian canon and the Bible bigger than a lot of theists do. I absolutely wouldn’t wish to go up adjoin him in a apostolic debate! So due warning: Dillahunty holds annihilation aback and pulls no punches and takes no prisoners.

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